Alberuni, Abu Rehan

Alberuni, Abu Rehan
   A native of Khiva who joined Mahmud of Ghazni's service in 1017 when he was about 45 years of age. During his stay of 10 years in the Ghaznavid Empire, Alberuni was frequently moving between Ghazni, Multan, and Lahore. This enabled him to collect valuable information on the Hindu religion and associated sciences as well as sociopolitical institutions of 11th-century India. This information is presented in Alberuni's celebrated work, Kitab al-Hind (Describing India). Alberuni's description of In-dia is important because it represents an attempt to study Hinduism by a highly cultivated Islamic mind of the era when the dogmatism of post-Ghazali (d. 1112) orthodoxy had not yet become a dominant tendency in the Islamic intellectual tradition. It is also an important source and provides insights about the impact of Mahmud's plundering raids into northwestern India.

Historical dictionary of Medieval India. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bhagwadgita —    The Song Celestial is a commentary on sacred literature in the spirit of personal devotion or bhakti that had become the dynamic force of later Hinduism. It came to be added to the Mahabharata, originally a secular epic, in the form of a… …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India

  • Kitab al-Hind — (Describing India)    A famous Arabic text written by Abu Rehan Alberuni (973 1048) wherein he comments on Indian sciences, Hindu religious beliefs, customs, and social organization. These topics were studied by him from consultation with… …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India

  • Mahmud of Ghazni — (971 1030)    On succeeding his father, Subuktigin (977 998), on the throne in 998, he obtained recognition of his sovereignty by the Abbasid caliph, impelling him to perceive himself in the role of a religious warrior. Between 1000 and 1026,… …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India

  • Tamil —    The earliest non Aryan language of the extreme south, Tamil was first committed to writing in the third or second century BCE when Brahmi script was introduced from north India. Tamil devo tional cults contributed during 500 900 to the… …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.